The Board shall elect the presidents of institutions. Presidents shall not hold tenure at the institution but may hold, retain, or receive academic rank. They shall be elected each year for a term of one (1) year. The Chancellor shall notify them of their appointment, but such presidents shall not be entitled to a written employment contract. All such appointments will be made expressly subject to the Policies of the Board of Regents (BoR Minutes, October 2013).
Persons holding tenure in the USG who receive an initial presidential appointment shall be required to relinquish their tenure before assuming the office of the president. No person shall be awarded tenure while serving as president (BoR Minutes, 1991-92, p. 34).
A person accepting the position of acting president at a USG institution shall not be a candidate for president of that institution (BoR Minutes, Aug. 2000, p. 63).
When a vacancy occurs in a presidency, the Chancellor shall consult with the chair to decide whether to conduct a national search. If a search is conducted, the chancellor in consultation with the chair may appoint an institutional search committee. The committee shall be composed of representatives of the faculty, alumni, foundation, students, and the community. Faculty shall compose the largest number of institutional members of the committee. Except as provided below, the chancellor shall name a faculty member as the chair of the institutional search committee.
For searches at research institutions, the chair shall serve on the institutional committee and name six other regents to the institutional search committee, one of whom shall be the regent residing closest to the institution. In addition, for a research institution search, the board chair shall name a regent, from those appointed, as chair of the institutional committee.
The institutional committee shall submit 3 to 5 unranked names to a Regents Special Committee for consideration. The chair shall appoint the Regents Special Committee, one of whom shall be the Regent residing closest to the institution. In the case of presidential searches at research universities, the institutional committee shall submit 3 to 5 unranked names to the board for consideration. Authority to name one or more finalists rests exclusively with the Board of Regents (BoR Minutes, October 2013).
It is the intent of the Board of Regents that evaluation of the presidents shall be an ongoing process, which consists of open communication between the Chancellor or the president’s supervisor and the president on both individual and institutional goals and objectives, as well as on the methods and processes used to achieve them. Evaluations will be factored into the annual appointment renewal for each president (BoR Minutes, September 2006).
2.4.1 Resignation or Retirement
Presidents of USG institutions shall provide the Board and the Chancellor not less than three (3) month’s notice of his/her intention to resign or retire, unless such notice is waived by the Chancellor.
2.4.2 Re-Appointment Declined
If the Board declines to re-appoint a president, it shall notify the president, through the Chancellor, of such decision immediately following the Board’s regularly scheduled May meeting. A decision by the Board not to re-appoint a president is not subject to appeal (BoR Minutes, Aug. 2014).
2.4.3 Removal for Cause
The Board may remove a president for cause at any time. A president removed for cause shall be entitled, upon written request within ten (10) days of receiving notice of the removal, to a statement of charges against him/her. Such statement of charges shall be provided to the president within ten (10) days of the president’s request. A president shall, after reviewing the statement of charges, be entitled to a hearing before the Board or a committee thereof under such procedures as the Board may determine. The actions of the Board shall be final.
A president terminated for cause shall not be eligible for re-employment within the USG.
2.4.4 Educational Leave and Continued Employment
Any person vacating a USG presidency that he/she has held for not less than five (5) years may, at the discretion of the Chancellor, be:
- Granted twelve (12) months educational leave with pay. Such educational leave may be extended by the Chancellor for an additional twelve (12) months. In no event shall the duration of such educational leave exceed twenty-four (24) months. Any paid educational leave granted under this policy shall terminate immediately upon acceptance by the leave recipient of full-time employment during the period of leave.
- Employed in a professional or administrative position within the USG. Employment beyond the second year, if any, shall be under such terms and conditions as determined by the Chancellor or the employing institution.
- Awarded an academic appointment at the rank of professor at a USG institution. Such appointment may, consistent with accreditation requirements and the needs of the institution, include an award of tenure by the Chancellor. Compensation and other terms of employment beyond the second year of appointment shall be as determined by the institution.
Except as otherwise provided in this section, the terms and conditions of such employment in items 2 and 3 above shall be as provided in Section 8.0 of this Policy Manual.
The compensation during any period of leave, employment, or appointment granted under this policy shall be as determined by the Chancellor. In making such determination, the Chancellor shall take into consideration the base salary and other compensation of the outgoing president prior to his/her vacating the presidency.
Nothing in this section shall prohibit any cooperative organization of the USG from supplementing the compensation of a former president during any period of leave, employment, or appointment granted under this section subject to approval of said compensation by the Chancellor (BoR Minutes, October 2013).
Nothing contained in this section shall govern any terms or conditions of educational leave or employment beyond two (2) years from the date a person leaves the presidency of a USG institution (BoR Minutes, 1991-92, pp. 33-34).
2.5.1 Executive Head of Institution
The president of each USG institution shall be the executive head of the institution and of all its departments, and shall exercise such supervision and direction as will promote the efficient operation of the institution. The president shall be responsible to the Chancellor for the operation and management of the institution, and for the execution of all directives of the Board and the Chancellor. The president’s discretionary powers shall be broad enough to enable him/her to discharge these responsibilities (BoR Minutes, 1972-74, pp. 69-71; 1977-78, pp. 167-168; April, 2007, pp. 76-77).
2.5.2 Ex-Officio Faculty Chair
The president shall be the ex-officio chair of the faculty and may preside at meetings of the faculty. The president and/or the president’s designee shall be a member of all faculties and other academic bodies within the institution. He/she shall decide all questions of jurisdiction, not otherwise defined by the Chancellor, of the several councils, faculties, and officers.
The president shall have the right to call meetings of any council, faculty, or committee at his/her institution at any time. The president shall have the power to veto any act of any council, faculty, or committee of his/her institution but, in doing so, shall transmit to the proper officer a written statement of the reason for such veto. A copy of each veto statement shall be transmitted to the Chancellor.
At those institutions that have a council, senate, assembly, or any such body, the president or the president’s designee may chair such body and preside at its meetings. The president shall be the official medium of communication between the faculty and the Chancellor and between the council, senate, assembly, or any such body and the Chancellor (BoR Minutes, 1993-94, p. 239; April, 2007).
2.5.3 Personnel Policies
The president shall be responsible for the initial appointment of faculty members and administrative employees of each institution, the salary and all promotions of each, and be authorized to make all reappointments of faculty members and administrative employees, except as otherwise specified in this Policy Manual.
The president has the right and authority to grant leaves of absence for up to one (1) year for members of the faculty for study at other institutions or for such reasons as the president may deem proper.
He/she shall make such reports as required from time to time to the Board, through the Chancellor or his/her designee, of the condition of the institution under his/her leadership (BoR Minutes, February 2007; November 2013).
The president of each institution, or his/her designee, is authorized to accept on behalf of the Board the resignation of any employee of his/her institution (BoR Minutes, 1977-78, p. 123; 1982-83, p. 225).
The president of each institution, or the president’s designee, shall have the authority to execute, accept, or deliver, on behalf of the Board, the following types of research agreements, settlement agreements, service agreements, and reciprocal emergency law enforcement agreements affecting his/her institution:
- Research or service agreements whereby the institution concerned, for monetary compensation or other good and valuable consideration, agrees to perform certain institution-oriented research or other personal services within a time period of one (1) year or less.
- Agreements between USG institutions and hospitals or other organized medical facilities, both public and private, whereby the hospital or medical facility concerned agrees to provide clinical services to nursing and other students enrolled in nursing and allied health programs at the institution concerned. Said agreements shall be subject to cancellation by either party (BoR Minutes, October 2013)
- Reciprocal emergency law enforcement agreements between USG institutions and county and municipal authorities, as authorized by the Georgia Mutual Aid Act, as amended (BoR Minutes, 1993-94, pp. 63-64).
- Settlements of grievances and complaints, including those filed by state and federal agencies, that do not include a monetary commitment of more than $100,000. Notice of settlements shall be filed with the University System Office of Legal Affairs (BoR Minutes, May 2006; April, 2007).
- Any agreements necessary for the day-to-day operation of the institution (BoR Minutes, April, 2007).
When directed by the Chancellor, the presidents of the USG institutions shall convene in order to make recommendations to the Chancellor and through the Chancellor to the Board of Regents regarding all educational and administrative matters of concern to the USG as a whole.
Presidents are authorized to develop the organizational structure required to effectively manage their institution. Changes involving the addition, deletion, or substantive name change of a unit reporting directly to the president will be reported to the Chancellor at least two (2) weeks prior to the effective date of the change. The presidents are authorized to approve all other organizational changes (BoR Minutes, January, 2004; February, 2007).
At the beginning of each fiscal year, each president shall submit to the Chancellor a list of all academic institutes and centers that are authorized to operate on each campus highlighting those which have been added or deleted since the prior year’s submission. The addition or elimination of academic centers and institutes located at an institution does not require the Chancellor’s or Regents’ approval (BoR Minutes, February, 2007).
The salaries, taxable income and associated fringe benefits for USG presidents and the Chancellor, as approved annually by the Board of Regents, shall be paid exclusively from state appropriations allocated to each institution. State appropriations shall be used to pay salary, housing allowance, subsistence allowance, auto allowance, relocation expenses and, where applicable, salary supplement, supplemental fringe benefits, deferred compensation, and any other items as approved by the Board. State appropriations will also pay for fringe benefits for presidents that are available to all USG employees. Individuals receiving an auto allowance under a non-accountable plan for taxation purposes are not eligible for mileage reimbursements associated with travel within the home county where the institution is headquartered and are otherwise subject to the provision of the USG’s travel regulations as outlined in the Business Procedures Manual (BoR Minutes, October 2013).
The annual merit salary increase paid from state funds shall be based upon the approved salary, exclusive of any allowance, supplement, or deferred compensation (BoR Minutes, August 2004).
Non-state funds may pay for expenses and allowances such as civic memberships, business-related entertainment, and other expenses associated with the operations of the office of the president but not resulting in taxable income to the president (BoR Minutes, October 2013).
Each institution shall have a strategic planning process that maintains a current strategic plan in which institutional priorities are defined and through which the institution’s mission is carried out in accordance with the strategic directions and guiding principles established by the Board of Regents. The faculty and staff of each institution shall be involved in developing the planning process and shall be included in the structure by which the plan is implemented.
In addition, each institution shall have a formal process by which systematic assessment of institutional effectiveness is conducted and the results of assessments are used to achieve institutional improvement. Assessment processes may differ from institution to institution, but each institution shall assess:
- Basic academic skills at entry;
- General education;
- Degree programs; and,
- Academic and administrative support programs and/or functions.
The faculty and staff of each institution shall be involved in developing assessment processes and included in the structure by which those processes are implemented and used for improvement.
Each institution shall link its substantive budget allocations and other major academic and administrative decisions to its planning and assessment processes to improve institutional effectiveness. In addition, institutional planning, assessment, and improvement processes are expected to contribute to the realization of the USG vision, mission, goals, and strategic initiatives.
A current copy of each institution’s strategic plan shall be maintained in the University System Office of the Board of Regents. The plan will contain a description of the planning structure and process by which institutional priorities are set as well as the institution’s current priorities and goals. The plan shall also describe the processes used for assessing and improving institutional effectiveness.
The mission of the University System of Georgia (USG) is achieved through the collective missions of our state’s public colleges and universities. The role of public higher education in Georgia is to drive economic development and produce more educated individuals to contribute to the quality of life in the state. USG institutions are responsible for producing graduates with the requisite skills and knowledge to ensure Georgia’s strong future in the knowledge-based and global economy. The individual mission and function of the institutions within the USG must be aligned with the overall USG mission in order to strategically meet the higher education needs of the State.
To that end, the function and mission of each institution in the University System of Georgia (USG) is determined by the Board of Regents, and any change in institutional function and mission must be approved by the Board. Institutional function determines the scope of activity of the institution over a considerable period of time and covers the following aspects:
1. the level at which the institution will operate
2. the types of educational degree programs to be offered
3. the cost of attending the institution (student tuition and fees)
4. the admissions selectivity of the institution and the extent to which the institution serves as a primary point of access to higher education for under-represented students in a geographic region of Georgia
5. the extent to which the institution engages in teaching, research, and service
Specific functions and missions for individual institutions and the procedures to request a change in functional sector, functional sector category, and institutional mission can be found in the Institutional Function and Mission Guidelines in the Academic and Student Affairs Handbook. USG institutions are classified according to the following functional sectors (institutions with asterisks carry a special mission designation):
Institutions classified as research universities offer a broad array of undergraduate and graduate and professional programs and are characterized as doctoral-granting with a Carnegie Classification of very high or high research activity. Associate degrees are typically not offered at research universities. While teaching is a core focus at all USG institutions, the emphasis on basic and applied research is much heavier at research universities than any other institutional sector. It is expected that institutions operating within this sector will be world-class research institutions with significant commitments to receipt of external funding, philanthropic giving, and fundraising at the highest levels.
1. Georgia Institute of Technology*
2. Georgia State University
3. University of Georgia*
4. Georgia Regents University*
Institutions classified as comprehensive universities offer a number of undergraduate and master’s-level programs with some doctoral programs. Typically, associate-level degrees are not offered at comprehensive universities. Graduate programs at comprehensive universities are characterized as master’s-dominant. While teaching is a core focus at all USG institutions, the emphasis on basic and applied research is heavier at comprehensive universities than state universities or state colleges, but not emphasized as heavily as research universities. It is expected that institutions within this sector will be committed to being world-class academic institutions.
1. Georgia Southern University
2. Valdosta State University
3. Kennesaw State University
4. University of West Georgia
Institutions included in the state universities sector offer a number of undergraduate and master’s-level programs, but very few doctoral programs. Only five (designated with a ^ mark) of the 10 state universities are currently approved to offer one or more doctoral programs. These five state universities’ doctorate-level academic program offerings are characterized as limited, select doctoral programs. Associate-level degrees can be offered at these universities, but they are also typically limited. While teaching is a core focus at all USG institutions, the emphasis on research activity at these state universities includes some basic research, but is typically more focused on institutional and/or applied research.
1. Albany State University
2. Clayton State University
3. Columbus State University^
4. Fort Valley State University+
5. Georgia College & State University+^
6. Georgia Southwestern State University
7. Middle Georgia State University
8. Savannah State University
9. Southern Polytechnic State University+
10. University of North Georgia+^
Balanced Bachelor’s and Associate State Colleges
Institutions included in the balanced bachelor’s and associate-level state colleges group offer bachelor’s degrees, associate programs, and general education courses, but no graduate programs. These state colleges are characterized as balanced bachelor’s and associate-level degrees with bachelor’s programs focused on specialized academic and economic development program areas and regional, college-educated workforce needs. The emphasis at these state colleges is on teaching and service with limited focus on basic or applied research activity.
1. Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College+
2. Armstrong State University
3. Atlanta Metropolitan State College
4. College of Coastal Georgia+
5. Dalton State College
6. Georgia Gwinnett College+
7. Gordon State College
Associate Dominant-Select Bachelor’s State Colleges
Institutions included in the associate dominant state colleges group are characterized as offering associate-dominant programs and general education courses, with very few, select, professionally-oriented bachelor’s degree programs. The select bachelor’s programs are focused on specialized academic and economic development program areas and regional, college-educated workforce needs. The emphasis at these state colleges is on teaching and service with limited focus on basic or applied research.
1. Bainbridge State College
2. Darton State College
3. East Georgia State College
4. Georgia Highlands College
5. Georgia Perimeter College
6. South Georgia State College
+The institutions below carry a specialized function and mission within the USG:
Georgia Institute of Technology – Georgia Tech is the state’s designated technological research institution
Georgia Regents University – GRU serves as the state’s only dedicated health sciences/medical college
University of Georgia – UGA is Georgia’s land-grant institution established by the Morrill Act of 1862, and also was designated by the Hatch Act in 1887 to establish an agricultural experiment station
Georgia College & State University – GC&SU is the state’s designated public liberal arts institution
University of North Georgia – UNG is Georgia’s designated Military College
Fort Valley State University – FVSU is the state’s only 1890 designated land grant institution
Abraham Baldwin Agriculture College – ABAC is Georgia’s designated agricultural state college
College of Coastal Georgia – CCG was designated by the Board in 2009 to become a college of choice for Georgia residents and provide expanded baccalaureate degree offerings in this region of the state
Georgia Gwinnett College – GGC was established by the Board to provide access to targeted baccalaureate level degrees that meet the economic development needs of the growing and diverse population of the northeast Atlanta metropolitan region. It is the only state college that offers exclusively bachelor’s degrees.
(BoR minutes, August 2013)