Study Abroad Handbook
PDF version: Study Abroad Handbook
SECTION: I. Introduction
In 2008, the USG published the USG Handbook for Developing and Maintaining Study Abroad Programs. This handbook was focused on faculty-led programming and as the title suggests, its main focus was on development and maintenance. This handbook, published in 2019, is more general and applicable to all study abroad programs in the University System of Georgia, such as faculty-led, direct enroll, and exchange programs. This handbook is inclusive of smaller and newer institutions as well as larger and more established programs and also applies to the USG’s study abroad consortium programs.
This handbook provides a framework that presents the Board of Regents policies and procedures applicable to study abroad, discusses best practices in the field and recommends points of consideration for the development of a campus’ study abroad programming. Rather than the USG requiring a central system-level approval process for all study abroad programs, this handbook is meant to guide individual institutions which engage in study abroad activities to work with the following framework to set their own fiscal, risk management, and academic standards for their study abroad programs.
All study abroad professionals, new and seasoned, are encouraged to become familiar with the contents of this handbook and use it as an accompanying document to other established Board of Regents policies (e.g. Board of Regents Policy Manual and Business Procedures Manual). The handbook may serve as an introduction for any new employees to the USG, to the field of Study Abroad, and/or as a reference point for colleagues who interact with study abroad offices and students.
I.A. Study Abroad Activity
When study abroad began it was commonly called ‘Junior Year Abroad’ and was used to denote the sending of students abroad to study at an overseas institution for their third year of undergraduate studies. The field has grown and expanded, and the terminology has shifted, with some incongruence (e.g. ‘study’ abroad versus ‘education’ abroad). According to the Forum on Education Abroad’s Glossary, ‘study abroad’ is defined as a “subtype of Education Abroad that results in progress toward an academic degree at a student’s home institution” and “excludes the pursuit of a full academic degree at a foreign institution.”
In 2019, the University System of Georgia implemented a ‘Study Abroad Attribute’ in Banner, our student record system, to begin tracking coursework in which students receive credit for study abroad activities. For the purposes of this Study Abroad Attribute, we distinguish between ‘Study Abroad’ and ‘Study Away’ and have developed these working definitions:
- Study Abroad = The course is taught outside of the United States and results in the progress toward a degree at the student’s home institution.
- Study Away = The course is similar to Study Abroad and also results in the progress toward a degree at the student’s home institution but is taught within the United States in a location significantly different from the home campus.
- Faculty Led = The course is taught by a faculty member at your institution who is leading the trip.
- Branch Campus Abroad = The course is taught at a USG branch campus abroad such as the sites in Shenzhen, Metz, Cortona, Oxford, or Montepulciano.
- Embedded = The course is partially taught on the USG campus, and partially taught abroad, such as courses with a trip over Spring or Winter Break.
- USG Consortium Study Abroad = The course is taught as part of one of the USG Goes Global Study Abroad trips, such as the European Council and Asia Council trips.
- International Service Learning = Credit bearing volunteering, community development and/or other related education experience abroad.
- Internship Abroad = Credit bearing work experience abroad.
- Research Abroad = Credit bearing research experience abroad, self-organized or sponsored.
While not utilized in the Study Abroad Attribute process, we have also developed the following working definitions for other study abroad activities:
- Direct Enroll (Unilateral Study Abroad) = USG student is enrolled directly at an institution abroad
- Reciprocal (Bilateral Exchange) = USG institution has a reciprocal exchange agreement in place with an institution abroad and the USG student is enrolled at the institution abroad
- Third Party Provider = USG student attends a program offered by a third party provider/company/organizer
Lastly, faculty and/or staff who are leading a study abroad trip will be referred to as Program Directors in this handbook.
I.B. Study Away Programs
Although domestic academic travel programs will not need to consider the specific international components of preparing for travel that are covered in the preceding sections, campuses should consider how this document could apply to elements shared between study abroad and domestic study away programs, including budgeting, academic planning, faculty training, recruitment and orientations. USG institutions should consider what kind of oversight these programs should receive and whether or not study abroad offices or other appropriate administrative offices should coordinate these activities.
I.C. Study Abroad Office
Consider the size of your institution and the number of students studying abroad, and how all of the study abroad programs will be managed. In larger institutions it might be prudent to outline the responsibilities of a study abroad office, separate to the responsibilities of Faculty-Led Program Directors. In smaller institutions, the faculty leading the trip may assume many, if not all of the following responsibilities:
- Program development
- Curriculum design and academic planning
- Logistical planning including registration and bursar
- Legal, budget and fiscal procedures
- Marketing and recruitment
- Student application and admissions process
- Preparing students, including information on financial aid and scholarships
- Health and safety (insurance, risk and crisis management)
- Overseas and re-entry support
Also consider who will be on campus to help prospective study abroad students and handle emergency situations if and when the main study abroad contact is leading a program abroad.
I.D. Institutional Study Abroad Committee
We recommend that all institutions develop an institution-specific Study Abroad Committee. All study abroad programs need to be accounted for and there should be a consistent treatment of those programs. This committee can be made up of colleagues across your campus and will be very useful in overseeing the formation of and adherence to policies, processes, program approvals and evaluations.
Consider inviting and including colleagues from the following offices on your campus:
- Study Abroad
- International Education
- International Initiatives (or any other overarching internationally focused office)
- Student Affairs/Student Life
- Individual Faculty and Staff, especially those who serve(d) as Faculty-Led Program Directors
- Legal Affairs
- Financial Aid
- Disability Services
- Health Services
- Security/Risk Management
- Counseling/Psychological Services
Each institution should decide how often and how (in-person, online) the committee should meet and what oversight the committee has and its overall responsibility level. Consider the following tasks the committee could do:
- Review approval requests for new programs
- Evaluate existing programs
- Develop study abroad specific policies based on established institutional policies for drug/alcohol use, disciplinary infractions, etc.
- Recommend suspensions or relocations of existing programs due to changes
- Hear appeals to study abroad policy
- Establish emergency response procedures
- Develop institutional risk management policies
Note: Some institutions may decide to have an Institutional Study Abroad Committee with purview over items 1-5 above, and a separate Risk Management Committee (covering items 6-7)
I.E. Early Considerations
Faculty and/or academic departments that are considering the creation of a new study abroad program should understand that developing an academic experience abroad takes time and planning. Additionally, the extent to which a study abroad program holds curricular significance should be taken into account. For example, study abroad programs should be pursued if they: include graduation requirements for certain degree programs; include steps necessary to reach a mandatory practicum or capstone; address an academic gap; and/or create an academic opportunity required by a curriculum or program that is limited, or otherwise not available on campus. Innovative concepts and designs should be considered – meaning that the program recruits underrepresented students, is interdisciplinary in nature, incorporates high impact practices such as community service, internships, research, home-stays, etc. and/or travels to less common destinations. The program development process should consider:
1. Academic issues
- Why is this particular site important to students’ understanding of the subject? How would it add to students’ understanding of the subject beyond what could be achieved on campus?
- How will the course being offered enhance students’ understanding of the field?
- What will the learning outcomes be for the class?
- How will the program account for contact hours?
- How will the program fit with the departments and institutions academic objectives?
- Can the program goals be achieved at a price that is affordable for the institution’s student body? If cost is too high, students will look elsewhere or decide not to go.
- Is there sufficient time to develop the program (including site visit, budget development, academic development, etc.)? This process generally takes 6-12 months prior to recruiting student participants.
- Are there sufficient staff on campus to support the program?
- Is the program location/topic one that would appeal to students at the institution?
- Would this program duplicate other campus offerings?
- What is the Department of State’s rating of the safety of the site?
- Are there any issues with insurance coverage?
- How will the students be transported to, from and at the site and how they will be housed and fed during the program?
- What are the programs available facilities (i.e. classroom spaces) and subject-specific resources (e.g. museums, historical sites, archives, businesses, health-care centers, media outlets, education institutions, policy or public service organizations, NGOs, performance venues, etc.)?
- What are the options in an emergency, (i.e. the location of nearby emergency facilities such as hospitals, doctors, police), how/when to contact emergency services, are services available in English, and are there any particular risks health/safety associated with the site?
- What kind of accessibility accommodations are available on site? What kind of accessibility issues might the site pose for students who require assistance?
- I.A. Study Abroad Activity
SECTION: II. Program Development
Before planning a new study abroad program, please check the USG Study Abroad Directory so that we are not creating duplicate programs within the USG. In most cases, USG students from any institution can apply to another USG institution as a transient student so that s/he can attend another study abroad program hosted at a USG institution.
Smaller institutions are encouraged to utilize the USG consortium programs such as the programs offered via USG Goes Global by the European and Asia Council, to send their students abroad.
The process of developing and planning a new program takes considerable time and effort. Program development may begin with an individual faculty member or be a part of a larger department-wide discussion. Therefore, your institution may want to develop a process (and/or create an evaluation committee) that addresses the following:
II.A. Training for Faculty/Staff
We encourage the study abroad office (or similar) at each institution to provide informational meetings and trainings for Study Abroad Program and Faculty Directors. These meetings can provide an opportunity for discussion and consultation with various administrative offices (e.g. general counsel, counseling services, student affairs, academic affairs, disciplinary offices, student life) and promotes institutional support and collaboration in the study abroad program development process. Some topics to discuss include:
- Program director responsibilities
- Budget/finances policies
- Leading student orientations
- Handling students with disabilities, special needs, disciplinary issues
- Health/safety issues
- Disciplinary issues
- Legal liability issues (e.g. sexual harassment)
- Appropriate behavior between faculty/staff and students
- Emergency response planning
- Group dynamics
While the group is abroad, the Program Director is essentially ‘on call’ around the clock. This may seem like an exaggeration; however, Program Directors will want to keep in mind that some students who participate in study abroad programs at USG institutions have never traveled outside of the United States and possibly, outside of Georgia. Many still live in their parent’s homes. Some may have never flown on an airplane, traveled by train, or used public transportation such as buses or underground systems. There will be many situations which they will be facing for the first time in their lives, including dealing with homesickness, culture shock, and perhaps communicating in a foreign language.
In order to give potential Program Directors an idea of what exactly is involved in leading a study abroad program, here is a list of potential responsibilities [Adapted from the NAFSA, Professional Development Program, Trainer Manual]:
Academic program development; Admissions and enrollment manager; Budgetary officer; Bursar; Accounts- Payable/Receivable; Compliance manager; Computer center manager; Contract developer; Course development and evaluation administrator; Crisis and emergency manager; Cross-cultural communicator and culture advocate; Cross-cultural issues consultant; Disciplinarian; Diversity and inclusion expert; Drug and alcohol counselor; Enforcer and judicial officer; Equipment manager; Event Planner; Facilities manager; Fashion police; Federal policy reporter; Health and safety officer; Housing rental agent; Currency exchange expert; Insurance agent and counselor; International communications expert; International law expert; Interpreter; On-the-spot therapist; Orientation program administrator; Parental liaison; Personal and professional counselor; Personnel manager; Program developer and evaluator; Professor; Public relations specialist; Recruiter and marketing specialist; Risk manager; Student affairs administrator; Student conduct judicial officer; Students with disabilities manager; Student health professional; Testing administrator; Textbook manager; Translator; Transportation supervisor; Travel agent and tour operator; Visa and immigration law specialist; Writer and Editor; Etc…Etc…Etc…
In particular, Program Directors should be aware of the physical manifestations of stress (headaches, gastrointestinal problems, weakened immune systems, insomnia) and prepare to help students handle the stress that accompanies change and culture shock.
A successful Program Director has the following characteristics:
- Enjoys working with students
- Possesses administrative skills
- Comfortable providing student counseling
- Comfortable taking disciplinary action and documenting
- Understands appropriate boundaries with students
- Manages situations diplomatically and can establish good relationships with institutions and other contacts abroad
- Familiarity with the host country and culture
Institutions may also consider utilizing a Program Director Responsibilities Contract which would require Faculty/Program Directors to sign a document outlining expectations and responsibilities.
II.B. Program Development Visits
If feasible, program development visits are an excellent way for study abroad offices and Program Directors to learn more about a specific location and will help inform many aspects of the program.
Program development visits are sometimes funded by the study abroad office, the sponsoring academic department, college, or institution more widely.
When planning a visit please consider that while it may not be possible to schedule a site visit at the same time of year as the final program would run, doing so can allow for more thorough planning as faculty/staff may get more of a feel for the facilities, campus, city, etc.
- Meet with appropriate faculty, student services personnel, current participants, and any third party providers you are considering
- Tour facilities (libraries, dormitories, classrooms), take note of exercise/sports, laundry and meal options and gather information about costs
- Ask about advanced fiscal planning (accommodation deposits, contracts) and negotiate costs
- Assess appropriate cultural resources (i.e. museums, NGOs, historical sites) in order to develop approaches to teaching within the space.
- Examine health, safety and security issues in the area
- Learn about local area, including local transportation and disability access
- Become familiar with local money exchange options, banking procedures
- Take note of cultural norms as related to gender, race, sexual orientation, disability access
- Develop a timetable for program implementation
- Don’t forget to take photographs and video
- II.A. Training for Faculty/Staff
SECTION: III. Academic Planning
Because study abroad programs award academic credit, they must be academically substantive and the credit awarded must be in line with the standard curriculum, contact hours, and assignments. All study abroad syllabi, whether home grown faculty-led programs or coursework taken abroad at partner institutions, are required to meet SACS standards and must include a detailed course outline, learning outcomes and assessment procedures.
Remember that students will need to be informed of how to register for courses for the following term, especially if they will be abroad during this process.
III.A. Academic considerations for Faculty-Led Programs
1. Curriculum Design
Course plans should take advantage of the international setting while ensuring academic rigor. It is vital that instructors re-conceptualize their teaching by focusing on the development of the whole student and rooting their class in the unique experiential learning opportunities on location. The curriculum should drive the planning and the program site should enhance the courses taught and provide environmental and cultural elements.
Further, the experience on site (including any accompanying excursions) planned during the study abroad program should enhance the course(s) the students are taking and should not lead, or be the focus, when designing curriculum.
The course design should reflect the target student population’s interests and needs. Programs may employ a narrower curriculum, honed in on specific discipline or focus on a topic versus a broad curriculum that has general appeal and may recruit more students. Consider how the courses proposed will impact the curriculum of correlated academic departments. Each of these program types may have its own advantages and disadvantages, and these should be considered when determining how to market the program.
For example, the process of curriculum design may include the following points[Adapted from “Neuroscience behind Intercultural Learning” by Kartoshkina (2017)]:
- Start preparing students for cultural experiences before going abroad
- Immerse students in a variety of experiences to stimulate different parts but try not to overwhelm them
- Provide regular opportunities to help process new experiences and create shared meanings through guided discussions
- Provide time for personal reflection to strengthen newly forming connections
2. Learning Outcomes
We encourage a holistic approach. A good example of a Faculty-Led study abroad class starts with clear learning outcomes based on course structure and subject matter, and incorporates additional deliverables that can be gained from field trips and site specific activities. Class meetings should be designed to also prepare students for the site specific learning experiences beforehand and enable them to process and understand those experiences afterward. When developing learning outcomes, consider that students should be able to:
- Articulate a reasonably nuanced knowledge of the host culture and country
- Express an understanding of the student’s home culture and country identity in comparison to the host culture and country
- Understand and analyze their own developmental process as they study and learn abroad
3. Attendance, Contact Hours and Credit Earned
Usually, fewer absences (or no absences) should be allowable on short-term study abroad programs.
Study abroad is an academic experience, and each program should account for contact hours and credit appropriately. Due to the experiential nature of Faculty-Led study abroad, contact hours will include time spent directly in lecture in a classroom will be combined with hours spent engaged in field experiences, site-specific teaching and practical engagement with material. It is standard practice to reduce the number of classroom contact hours required for credit when the learning is taking place abroad, but each institution should develop some sort of minimum standard course hours based on your accreditation procedures.
Contact hours must be directly related to instructional time, docent-led visits to museums and organizations, etc. See below for guidelines on determining appropriate credit and contact hours for Faculty-Led study abroad programs:
- Standard course hours taught directly by the faculty or instructor count as 1:1
- Best practices dictate that cultural excursions and activities (including company/site visits and service learning) should count as somewhere between 2:1 and 3:1 depending on the quality/intensity of content and the qualifications of the person delivering the content. Be aware that 2:1 could be too generous and may create too much free time on an otherwise structured program.
- Time spent in transit may count if pertinent material is being covered (i.e. a guide speaking over a microphone on a bus or a faculty member leading a group discussion)
- Group meals may count when directly related to the course or the local culture
- Some best practices suggest a maximum number of contact hours per day to ensure that the students’ time is not excessively scheduled to the point of being counterproductive.
- You may also choose to limit the amount of credit allowed per length of program
For example, one USG institution uses the following guidelines:
- 3 credit hour course = 37.5 contact hours
- 1 lecture hour = 1 contact hour
- 1 lab hour = 1/3 contact hours
- Field trips and field work count as labs and so 3 hours of field trip = 1 hour of contact
- 1.33 credits can be accumulated per week abroad (e.g., a 5 week program can only award up to 6 credits)
Each institution should adhere to their registrar’s policies, and/or work with their Institutional Study Abroad Committee or Curriculum Committee, if applicable, to determine how many contact hours are required to accumulate credit hours and follow institutional policies for awarding credits to degrees. It is especially important that courses offered abroad follow institutional policies or they run the risk of being considered less valuable or less rigorous. The rationale for a program’s determination of credit hours should be part of the program’s initial proposal that is approved on campus.
Remember, that all study abroad courses which earn credit must adhere to SACS Academic Compliance. This means that the qualifications of all faculty must be documented with CVs including degrees and fields, teaching experience and academic posts on file. Additionally, syllabi may contain some ‘tentative’ information but at a minimum must include any prerequisites, student learning outcomes for the course, specific information on the nature and number of assignments, means of evaluation, and grading scale.
III.B. Credit transfer Process
Students enrolling at an institution abroad (Direct/Unilateral Exchange or Bilateral Exchange) will earn credits at this institution and then transfer these credits back to their home institution. Institutions working with international partners should decide, in advance, how these credits will transfer and how the credit will count at your institution.
Study abroad offices should provide clear information to students about the kind of credit they can receive, the process for receiving course credit and how credit earned affects (or doesn’t affect) Financial Aid. Below are suggestions for keeping track of this information:
Create a plan of study via a Study Abroad Credit Approval Form (or process)
- This will confirm for students that they will receive credit for courses taken abroad, prior to departure
- It will be essential for study abroad advisors, academic advisors, and Financial Aid to all be on the same page
Create a mechanism for students to verify their courses once they are on site through a Verification of Enrollment Abroad Form (or process)
- This will ensure that students are correctly registered and therefore ‘making satisfactory progress’ towards degree completion
- It will provide a mechanism for recording course changes and assessing appropriate credits
- It can assist with attendance verification for Financial Aid purposes
- This will also inform study abroad advisors(or similar) if students have enrolled in a different number of course hours or in different courses than were originally indicated on the Study Abroad Credit Approval Form and adjustments can be made as necessary
Institutions should consider the time it takes for grades to come back to the home institution. This ‘lag time’ can occur with Direct/Unilateral and Bilateral exchanges, Third Party provider programs, consortium programs, etc. and will vary by the time of year and by the host country or institution abroad. The USG recommends that students are informed of typical timelines and expectations should be set for receiving final transcripts from host institutions, allowing students to make informed decisions when choosing a program. Study abroad offices are encouraged to work with colleagues across campus to diminish any hindrance on the students’ ability to:
- Receive appropriate and timely Financial Aid
- Pursue graduation, or
- Register for classes
Also, institutions should consider how grades earned abroad will be translated back home. Courses taught by the home institution’s faculty, or on a branch campus, or via on the USG consortium programs are straightforward and count directly on the student’s transcript/record. However, credits earned via Direct/Unilateral exchange, Bilateral exchange or Third Party Providers may be demonstrated on the student’s transcript as:
- Credits earned only
- Converted directly into U.S. grades and listed on the transcript
- Factored into the student’s overall GPA/or not factored into the institution’s GPA
If students are studying at an institution that does not use the same grading system employed in the U.S., study abroad offices should provide them with information about appropriate equivalents, both to help students gauge their progress while overseas and to help students understand their transcripts at the end of the term.
- III.A. Academic considerations for Faculty-Led Programs
SECTION: IV. Logistics
IV.A. Proposals and Approval
Each institution should develop a process to help guide the development of programs, approve new programs, and evaluate programs that will continue. As discussed above, the recommendation from the USG International Education office is to assemble an Institutional Study Abroad Committee who will help guide the institution towards a decision about your approval process for new and continued programs.
For reference, Section 21 Study Abroad Programs of the USG Business Procedures Manual stipulates that all new/inaugural programs must be approved “by the president of the institution, or his/her designee, under the authority delegated to the president by the Chancellor.” Further, there must be an annual review of all programs and “institutions must conduct a review of all returning study abroad programs.”
The establishment of an Institutional Study Abroad Committee will help each institution institute a process in which new and continuing study abroad program offerings are reviewed. You might consider the following:
- Timeline for receiving and reviewing proposals (e.g. annually, bi-annually, rolling basis)
- Type of proposal for different study abroad activity (e.g. You may have a different proposal for Faculty-Led programs, than for proposing an international partner to establish bilateral exchange)
- Level of authority (e.g. Who will you require to sign-off - Senior International Officer? Deans? Department Chairs? Business Managers?)
- Documents you may require:
- Program budget template
- Timetable for program implementation (including payment deadlines, and cancellation/refund policies)
- Learning outcomes, draft syllabi
- Proposed itinerary and official program operating dates
- Proposed faculty/staff +Emergency response plan, including 24/7 emergency contacts who will accompany programs
- Contingency plans - identify faculty/staff as back up in case program leader becomes incapacitated
- References, if any Third Party Providers are being used
- Program development visit report (if applicable)
Types of accommodation include on-campus/partner university dormitories (single, shared, suites with shared living areas), hotels, hostels, guest houses, apartments or homestays. Securing accommodation may be one of the first tasks in planning for a study abroad program as some dormitories, for example, may require deposits 8 months to a year in advance.
When choosing the type of accommodation(s), consider the following:
- Facility itself
- Cleanliness and overall maintenance.
- Security of facility and evacuation routes - fire/emergency exits.
- Will your students need to share a room, or will they have their own?
- Internet Access?
- In more extreme temperatures, is there A/C,fans and heating?
- Location/local Area
- Safe neighborhood?
- Close to education facilities?
- Ease of local transportation?
- Do you have students with special arrangement needs? (e.g. disability access)
- Integration with local culture
- How will your students integrate (or not) with local students?
- What exposure will your students have to local people/families? Local language/customs?
- How will your students eat? Self-catering vs. meal plans
- How much time is needed to arrange? Hotels are quick and easy, but homestays require much more time
- Where will participating faculty and staff be housed in relation to the students?
- If using host families or homestays, ensure that the families have gone through an adequate screening process and have been properly vetted
- How will you assign/place students? Consider using a preference questionnaire but keep in mind that offering ‘too much’ choice will make the program more difficult to plan
- Is there a procedure for addressing complaints?
Accommodation evaluations are a useful tool in helping the Program Director/study abroad office determine if there are any problems that should be resolved.
IV.C. Group Travel Arrangements
When planning for Faculty-Led programs, some institutions may decide that they prefer faculty and students to travel together, ensuring that all participants arrive at the site at the same time. However, some institutions may decide to plan for students and faculty to meet at the site.
If participants will travel together, you may be able to secure a group rate for airline tickets when you have 10 or more participants. Group tickets may also make arranging airport pick-ups easier to facilitate. Please keep in mind that securing a group rate will require advance planning, since seats will need to be reserved 6-10 months in advance and secured with a deposit.
However, group flight purchases are not always the cheapest option, and involves more work and coordination on the part of the study abroad office and/or Program Directors. Keep in mind that some students may request to fly separately from the group using frequent flier miles or ‘buddy passes.’ Others may wish to travel on their own before or after the program. These options can be cheaper and offer flexibility for the students but we would caution against students relying on utilizing a standby seat to travel to the program, as their delay could cause disruption to the other participating students and/or the faculty.
If purchasing group tickets, consider the following:
- What is the minimum number of tickets that need to be purchased for the group rate to apply? What happens if you fall short?
- What taxes and fees are included in the price?
- Is there a cancellation policy, and what is the penalty for changes and cancellations?
- What is the deposit due date for the tickets, and when is the final payment deadline?
- When is the final list of group flight names due to the airline?
- Inquire if the travel agent can also help process visas for the group (if applicable).
- Is it possible for a student to alter their arrival/departure date and if so, how is this done?
You may also want to look at other group ticket options to keep costs down. Group meals, train tickets, museum/exhibit admissions, etc. are good options to pursue. Keep in mind that some have minimum and maximum number requirements, reduced rates may require proof of student/educator status, required tour guides, wardrobe requirements, and tight reservation schedules.
Student-focused travel organizations or Third Party Providers may provide ease for making group arrangements as they cater to travel for study abroad groups.
IV.D. Meal Planning
Meals should take advantage of the host country culture as much as possible while taking into account the program structure and budget. Ideally, there should be a balance between quality, authenticity, affordability and convenience.
Programs may include some, all, or no meals in the fee they charge students, but all programs must determine how students will have access to dining services or cooking facilities during their time abroad and must inform students of these options.
Consider students with special dietary needs, if your accommodation facility provides any meals and how faculty/staff meals will be purchased.
IV.E. Mixing with the Local Culture
One of the most rewarding experiences for participants of study abroad programs is getting to know the host culture, and program planning should include consideration of and logistical planning for activities that will allow students to engage with that culture in meaningful ways. Here are some examples of how to incorporate these experiences into your Faculty-Led study abroad programs:
- Invite local students to participate in your program in some way
- Introduce collaborative projects between your students and the local students abroad
- Coordinate field trips and excursions with local students
- Attend local festivals, ceremonies, events, plays, etc.
- Invite local speakers to give guest lectures
- Set up language partnerships between your students and the local students abroad
- IV.A. Proposals and Approval
SECTION: V. Legal Issues
V.A. Executing Contracts
Regardless of the type of contract (accommodation, group museum purchase, group meal, etc.) there should be some sort of written document between the USG institution and the provider.
- Advance purchasing is recommended wherever possible
- If you can arrange to pay in U.S. dollars (rather than the foreign currency) this could be beneficial as it would avoid the possibility of fluctuating exchange rates
- You may choose to contract with a local organizations to help secure housing, tours, etc. but keep in mind that this may raise the cost
All study abroad offices/Program Directors should liaise with the necessary on-campus offices (e.g. Purchasing, Legal) before signing any contracts. Any contract with a foreign institution, the owner of a property abroad, or a travel provider should be sent to Legal Affairs for review and signed by the appropriate designee authorized to sign such agreements. Keep in mind, you may not be allowed to sign contracts! Some campuses have very strict policies about who is authorized to sign.
V.B. EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) went into effect on May 25, 2018 and is designed to:
- Harmonize data privacy laws across Europe
- Protect and empower all EU citizens’ data privacy, and
- Reshape the way organizations across the region approach data privacy
EU GDPR protects ‘natural persons’ personal data processing and the free movement of their personal data. For U.S. academic institutions, ‘natural persons’ include: students (attending study abroad programs in the EU), faculty (hired locally or posted to the EU), staff and other personnel (hired locally or posted to the EU) and third parties in general (i.e. EU contractors, EU donors, EU researchers).
Signed into law in 1990, the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act is monitored by the Department of Education and dictates mandatory requirements to include an annual report, crime log, timely warnings and emergency notifications, and crime statistics.
The following graphic[Adapted from NAFSA e-Learning Express: Essential Federal Regulations for Education Abroad ] is useful in explaining the geography around Clery and reporting:
V.D. Title IX
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities that receive federal funding. Title IX provides that:
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”
Title IX prohibits discrimination in any university program including athletics, admissions, academic programs, extracurricular activities, employment, financial aid, housing, and student services. Title IX prohibits discrimination by and against both males and females, by students, faculty and staff.
V.E. Clery vs. Title IX
It is important that all colleagues that work with study abroad processes, as well as all students, understand their responsibilities under the Clery Act and Title IX. Each institution that supports study abroad programming must provide resources and training to assist study abroad faculty in navigating their roles under these federal statutes.
Both Clery and Title IX covers a basic principle that a duty of care should be in place for all students at all times and in all places. The following description[Adapted from both 2015 NAFSA Annual conference presentation: “Promoting Security Abroad: Analyzing Title IX and VAWA” and NAFSA e-Learning: Essential Federal Regulations for Education Abroad] of the differences in emphases between Clery and Title IX may be useful:
- V.A. Executing Contracts
SECTION: VI. Budget & Fiscal Procedures
A key element of study abroad programming is making sure that there is enough money in the program budget to pay for all program costs and that the management of funds follows federal, state, and institutional guidelines. If the study abroad program is ‘homegrown’ (e.g. Faculty-Led) then the study abroad office/Program Director has financial responsibilities.
Sound budgeting will serve you well in avoiding funding shortages and to keep student costs down. Once announced, student costs should not be increased as that will lead some students to withdraw and could draw question to the program’s integrity.
See Section 21 Study Abroad Programs of the USG Business Procedures Manual for full details on the Fiscal Procedures involved with study abroad programming.
VI.A. Budget Template
It is recommended that campuses set one standard budget template for all of your study abroad programs, but may develop a few templates if the campus supports programs that require different budget models.
The budget template should include:
- Airfare – Note: Some offices may decide to include airfare costs during the trip (e.g. in-country flights), but not international airfare to/from the start and end of the program. This is up to each individual institution to decide, and we recommend that you review the aforementioned ‘Group Travel’ section for further discussion.
- Transportation to/from airport in country
- Housing/lodging facilities
- Meals (the number of meals included may vary, depending on the program’s accommodation plan)
- Insurance (accident, sickness, trip cancellation); see information later in this handbook about the CISI Insurance Plan for study abroad groups
- Instructional expenditures (e.g. rooms/equipment for instruction/administration
- Admission per person for museums, cultural events and other program activities
- Cost for purchase of local phone or phone service to assist with emergencies on-site
- Excursions (and associated travel expenses)
- Fees for guest lectures, guides, etc.
- Travel expenses & meal allowances for faculty/staff
- Overhead costs
- Funds to build the ‘Emergency Fund Reserve’ until the chosen percentage is reached
- Advertising to recruit students
VI.B. Program Charge
First, determine a target enrollment number for which you will budget based on an estimate of student interest and the program’s capacity. Best practice in the field points to student faculty ratios between 15:1 and 10:1.
Then, to determine the students Program Charge, you would add up all of the program’s expenses and divide the sum by the number of paying participants required to break even. This basic calculation indicates that if you recruit more students and the program has a surplus, then the excess money is refunded back to the students. And, if you recruit less than your ‘break even target’ then the program may need to be canceled, or the sponsoring department/institution may need to cover the amount of shortfall. Setting the Program Charge amount needs to follow institutional, USG and state-legislated policies. Also, we encourage programs to prioritize student affordability.
There may be additional costs, outside of the Program Charge. Each institution should determine which expenses are included, and which are not included in the Program Charge.
Examples of costs beyond those usually included in the Program Charge (though this may vary by institution) are:
- International airfare (see note above)
- Passport/visa fees
- Meals not included in the program
- Ground/local transportation
- Optional excursions
- Costs associated with communication (personal phone use, internet access)
- Library/student facility fees (if offered by the host institution)
- Insurance beyond the standard program insurance
- Medical exams, vaccinations
Students should not be asked to pay extra for required program activities once on-site. They should be made aware of estimated costs for optional excursions or activities and those that can be paid out-of-pocket on top of the program fee.
Study abroad offices should work with their campus financial offices to determine the best method (e.g. check, money order, debit card or credit card) of collecting the Program Charge for their institution’s programs from students. Study abroad payments can be divided into installments to allow for as much flexibility for the student as possible, as long as students understand that each payment needs to come in by a certain deadline.
Study abroad programs should work with your business office(s) to establish:
- Which types of accounts should be used for which types of funds
- How to appropriately report travel expenditures
- Considerations regarding payroll, benefits, related taxes for faculty/staff employed by the study abroad program. Compensation should be legal and fair and meet the academic unit’s approval. There is no set process for paying a faculty member - some programs pay a flat fee, while others pay faculty a percentage of their salary.
Each institution should determine payment schedules that align with payment deadlines to ensure that all program fees and tuition have been collected early enough to facilitate making timely deposits and adhere to realistic installment plans to pay vendors.
The USG recommends that all study abroad programs reconcile their budgets within a reasonable amount of time from the end of the program, but no later than six months from the end of the program.
VI.E. Fiscal Policies
Also, you may consider developing written policies regarding the following:
- Cancellations and refunds including:
- Student cancellation
- Program cancellation
- Cancellation of certain program elements
- Note: refund policies should address issues of illness, financial hardship, academic ineligibility, host country instability
- Deposits, defaults and/or damages. For example, many institutions will prevent a student from registering or receiving transcripts for non-payment of institutional debts
- How funds will be managed while abroad
- How petty cash will be managed. For example, it is best to try and pay for as much as possible in advance to avoid the risk of carrying large amounts of money abroad.
- How to maintain appropriate fiscal records involving currency conversion transactions
- Cancellations and refunds including:
VI.F. Study Abroad Tuition
Students pay their tuition for study abroad the same way they pay for non-study abroad credit. Consider your institution’s fee plan for students participating in summer study abroad programs and which fees students are charged, and which fees they are not charged. (e.g. Technology Fee, etc.)
The USG Board of Regents Policy Manual allows for out-of-state students participating in USG study abroad programs to be assessed in-state tuition. The relevant provision [22.214.171.124 Out-of-State Tuition Waivers] is as follows:
An institution may award out-of-state tuition differential waivers and assess in-state tuition for certain non-Georgia residents under the conditions listed below. [Reciprocal: 3] Any student who enrolls in a USG study-abroad program to include programs outside the State of Georgia but within the United States and study abroad programs outside the United States. Tuition and fees charged study abroad students shall be consistent with the procedures established in the USG Business Procedures Manual and as determined by the institution president.
- VI.A. Budget Template
SECTION: VII. Technology, Data & Social Media
VII.A.Student Application Management Systems
If feasible, the USG recommends that institutions consider a student application management system. These can be useful for program planning, student applications – both for programs and for scholarships - and some are set-up to additionally serve as a CRM (customer relationship management) tool which can contribute to the growth of study abroad numbers. USG institutions work with organizations such as Terra Dotta and Via TRM.
VII.B. Safety Management
There are additional software and application programs available that focus on traveler safety. USG institutions work with Keynect Up – which acts as a contact card so that students always have access to important contacts, whether they have access to the internet or not. USG institutions also work with AlertTraveler – which is used for risk management purposes as it will ‘ping’ all students who are in a particular location and the students can respond, so administrators know they are okay by clicking a button.
VII.C. Data Reporting
All USG institutions are expected to complete the Institute for International Education’s Open Doors data submission for Study Abroad each year. If your institutions’ numbers include less than 10 study abroad students, you should also report these figures directly to the USG International Education office.
VII.D. Social Media
Social Media is a useful tool in connecting with prospective, current and alumni study abroad students. Study abroad offices utilize an array of programs (Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, LinkedIn and/or a blog) to advertise study abroad programs and events, increase study abroad participation, provide a learning platform, connect with students and attract donors. Social media programs are also used to advertise deadlines; share scholarship information; introduce staff and student workers; post photos of the day from a photo contest; connect with other offices and departments on campus and remind students of advising hours.
- VII.A.Student Application Management Systems
SECTION: VIII. Marketing & Recruitment
Marketing and recruitment efforts should be considered, especially in order to reach enrollment goals. Successful marketing needs to extend beyond providing brochures and putting up a few posters. Recruitment activities should be coordinated amongst the study abroad office and involved staff and faculty and all should be actively involved in reaching out to students who might benefit from participating in the program
Consider where you might reach the kind of student who will benefit from your program: are you looking for students in a particular major or who haveve completed a particular set of academic requirements? Are you looking for students who are working on introductory requirements? Then consider ways that you can meet these students where they are to get information out to them about the benefits of study abroad and of your program in particular.
Recruitment tactics you may consider:
- Study abroad fairs: Plan your own fair and/or attend others
- Specific advising sessions: Some institutions utilize peer-to-peer advising, hold 101 sessions regularly, have ‘walk-in’ hours or use an appointment system
- Web presence: Website, social media
- Upload your programs annually into the USG Study Abroad Directory
- Brochures/Posters/Fliers/Digital Marquees around campus: Highly trafficked buildings, residence halls, campus buses
- Use alumni/returnee SA students wherever possible
- Assist returned study abroad students in forming a club to help get the word out
- Use academic departments and faculty to recruit:
- Relevant departments should be targeted;
- Involve active faculty and ask them to distribute program material, approach students who might be particularly suited, allow for short presentations to be made during class
- Work with the office that plans New Student orientations to capture students’ interest early (both Freshman orientation and also during Transfer Student orientations)
- Forge alliances with campus administrators (minority students, LGBTQIA, disability services, commuter student services, etc.) and plan co-recruitment events and specific information sessions (e.g. Black History Month, Science Fairs, etc.)
- Partner with relevant student organizations to identify/target any relevant student groups
- Internationally-focused clubs
- Minority organizations
- Organizations for disabled students
- Commuter student organizations
- Academic/honor societies
- Don’t overlook students’ support network and the effect of their opinions (e.g. parents, spouses, significant family members) but keep FERPA regulations in mind
- Set aside funds in your budget for recruitment, marketing, and travel, if necessary
- Lastly, consider what will happen if your enrollment target isn’t met and define your threshold for cancellation
VIII.A. Underrepresented students
When preparing a marketing and recruitment plan, consider how you can successfully target underrepresented students in study abroad, which include:
- Racial & ethnic minorities
- Non-traditional aged students (e.g. over 26)
- Freshman or sophomore level students
- Two-year college students
- LGBTQIA students
- Students in majors outside the social sciences/humanities
In order to successfully ‘target’ underrepresented students, specific strategies should be used and you will need to consider the current practices at your institution (e.g. policies, communication, processes and programs) and work through how and if these could be altered so that underrepresented students can become better represented.
Using disability and accessibility as an example of an underrepresented student, consider the current practices at your institution using the following questions[From NAFSA 2018 Annual Conference Presentation: “Expanding Access and Support for Education Abroad Students with Disabilities”]:
- Do you currently have any prohibitive policies in place? How might you be able to modify any existing policies to make them more accessible?
- How could you make your communications more inclusive? How could you enhance your marketing and outreach to students with disabilities?
- How do you address overseas accommodations during student advising? How can you better train yourself and your staff to work with students with disabilities?
- What is your current practice for reviewing program details to ensure accessibility? What are some reasonable steps you can take to make one/some/all of your programs more inclusive?
1. Students with Disabilities
Following the previous example, there are several steps study abroad offices may take to ensure that students disclose early so that accommodation needs can be identified and that study abroad professionals are equipped with the necessary resources and tools to advise students with disabilities [From September/October 2007 International Educator: “Students with Disabilities Self-Study for Advisers”]:
- Develop office procedures on how to advise a student with a disability and train all staff
- Create a handout to have in your office and on your website with specific steps students with disabilities should take to identify a program and assess accommodation possibilities
- Include wording in your promotional materials that invites students with disabilities to disclose their interest early, and provide space in your application for disclosure
- Develop linkages with appropriate colleagues in your disability services office
- Include information about your own program locations, as well as other partners, on the procedures in place to assist students with disabilities
VIII.B. Program Viability
If a program does not recruit sufficient students and does not have enough funding to provide the experience for the number of students who have signed up, the program will need to be cancelled. Campuses should determine a means for assessing the viability of approved programs, taking into consideration the recruitment cycle, the program’s initial budget, other possible funding available to support the program and related factors. Decisions about viability should ideally be made at least 3 months prior to departure. Depending on your institutional policy, programs that are cancelled may need to refund monies paid by students, and this factor needs to be taken into consideration in determining a timeline for assessing program viability.
SECTION: IX. Financial Resources for Students
Many students will perceive study abroad as out of their financial reach, and so it is important for study abroad offices and Program Directors to provide students with information that can help them understand their financial options. This information can help campuses increase access across the USG.
IX.A. Financial Aid
Financial aid is a critical issue for students wishing to study abroad. In short, federal and state financial aid is disbursed to student accounts and excess money is refunded to the student, just as if the student were studying on campus. An institution can award Financial Aid if the home institution awards credit, and if the student remains concurrently enrolled. In order to receive any Financial Aid, the student must be achieving ‘satisfactory progress’ but the definition of this may vary from institution to institution. Also, the credits earned abroad don’t need to count directly into the students’ GPA but the actual grades earned abroad need to be reported to the Financial Aid office as it must be determined that the student is making ‘satisfactory progress’, which is sometimes abbreviated as ‘SAP’.
Study abroad offices should inform students upfront about programs that are not approved for Financial Aid. Sometimes this depends on whether or not the program is ‘sponsored’ by the home institution or if the student becomes a ‘transfer’ student for the purposes of the program. The USG recommends that, where possible, study abroad programs are set-up so that students may use their Financial Aid.
Keep in mind when financial aid money is disbursed and by what method, and how this can be affected by external deadlines. As permitted by federal laws/regulations, Financial Aid offices have discretion in awarding based on the estimated cost of attending the home institution, or based on the estimated cost of attending the study abroad program overseas (assuming this cost is higher). The COA or ‘Cost of Attendance’ is defined as being a ‘reasonable’ and good estimate of actually attending the institution in question, and may include items that are required of the program, such as airfare, immunizations, passports, visas, etc.
Study abroad offices should know what students need in order to apply for Financial Aid (e.g. an acceptance letter that may require certain information - name, student ID, hours of enrolment, enrolment status, etc.)
If the student is participating in a non-home institution program, both the study abroad and Financial Aid office need a written release from the student before providing information to any third party (e.g. FERPA)
It is important that the study abroad office works towards building and maintaining a positive relationship with the Financial Aid office, Bursar’s office, Student Loans Office, etc. The goal is for study abroad professionals to have a thorough understanding of how processes work so that the burden on students is lessened. Some best practices that USG institutions have shared [Compiled from the October 2018 Study Abroad and Financial Aid Workshop hosted by the USG International Education office] to maintain positive relationships between study abroad and Financial Aid are as follows:
- Personally meet your colleagues, hold regular meetings and trainings and consider a Study Abroad & Financial Aid Advisory Council, or similar.
- Establish a study abroad point person(s) for the Financial Aid office, and vice versa
- Work towards using, and at least understanding each other’s terminology
- Collaborate and attend each other’s events (e.g. Financial Aid representation at Study Abroad Fairs)
- Utilize shared drive space to share budgets, enrollments, calculating and awarding scholarships
- Map out when aid is disbursed, deposit and payment schedules, etc.
- Co-develop written policies and procedures
- Share study abroad enrollments, as well as Financial Aid recipients, so that the study abroad office can encourage scholarship applications (e.g. Gilman) from these students
- Require that all study abroad students personally go to the Financial Aid office as part of their application to study abroad
- Utilize a Verification Enrollment Form which requires signature(s) and if the student accrues more or less hours then the Financial Aid can be adjusted
1. HOPE and Zell
Georgia’s HOPE Scholarship is available to Georgia residents who have demonstrated academic achievement. The scholarship provides money to assist students with the educational costs of attending a HOPE eligible postsecondary institution. Georgia’s Zell Miller Scholarship is available to Georgia residents who have demonstrated academic achievement. The scholarship provides money to assist students with the educational costs of attending a Zell Miller Scholarship eligible college.
HOPE and Zell funds can be utilized for study abroad as long as the home institution accepts the credits earned and the amount paid is the same as what the student would have received if they would have been at the home institution. Whichever Georgia institution awards the transcript is also the institution that disburses HOPE/Zell. For example, if a UGA student attends a UNG program, UNG needs to complete the HOPE transient form so that the UGA knows that UNG will be providing HOPE/Zell for the associated courses. If another U.S. institution is ‘hosting’ the program, then the home institution pays the HOPE. Please note that ‘Study Away’ is the term used by HOPE and Zell to refer to study abroad programs.
A handful of USG institutions have been approved for an International Education fee and make use of these funds for student scholarships. Other institutions may consider establishing an institution-specific study abroad scholarship on your campus. You may start by contacting your Development/Alumni offices, as they can identify the best possible funding sources and assist you in coordinating your fundraising efforts.
Some government agencies, private foundations, and other external organizations offer scholarships but more often these are for semester or year-long study abroad. For example, the U.S. Department of State’s Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship is a grant program that enables students of limited financial means to study or intern abroad. The program has been successful in supporting students who have been historically underrepresented in education abroad, including but not limited to:
- First-generation college students
- Students in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields
- Ethnic minority students
- Students with disabilities
- Students attending HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities) or other minority-serving institutions
- Students attending community colleges, and
- Students coming from U.S. states with less study abroad participation
If your institution/department has scholarships to award make sure there is a committee and set process in place to document everything to ensure transparency with students. Also, it is important to work with the Financial Aid office for disbursement, if necessary.
- IX.A. Financial Aid
SECTION: X. Application Process
X.A. Student Application
When determining your student application process, focus on transparency and ease of submitting the necessary information. Consider what information you need from the student initially, and don’t collect information you will not use. For example, do you need and will you use a students’ U.S. phone number and local U.S. address, or their permanent address? We recommend that all institutions consider the most effective way to deal with students’ data when creating an application system. The USG recommends the use of software and an online platform to collect application information. Ideally your software should be integrated with Banner.
Information you might want to collect in the application phase:
- Full name
- Contact email
- Date of birth
- Academic level
- Student ID
- Emergency contact info
- Term applicant applying for
- Any questions pertaining to disciplinary records, mental or physical health, access and ability
- Financial Aid status
You may consider:
- Using an administrative/application fee to support office initiatives
- Asking students about passports, so that you can identify students without passports early
- Asking students to agree to be contacted in the future as a program alumni
- Asking how the applicant learned about the program, to help you better target recruitment efforts later
- Asking for any information that you will later need to compile institutional, USG, or national reports (e.g. Open Doors)
The USG recommends that all study abroad offices work with the appropriate offices on their campus - Legal, Registrar, Information Technology, Procurement, Security, etc. to understand when it is permissible to collect certain data and the appropriate permissions needed to use that information and to develop a plan to collect waivers, signatures, or other student information deemed necessary, such as:
- Acknowledgement that students are aware of financial and personal responsibilities
- Students agreement to abide by the program’s rules and codes of conduct
- Health/Medical information (allows students the opportunity to disclose medical conditions, concerns, needs)
- Emergency medical care/authorization
- Release and waiver of liability
- Assumption of risk
- Covenant not to sue
- Statement of responsibility
- Title IX reporting
- Clery Act waiver
- EU General Data Protection Regulations
- FERPA release to give student information to parents, host institutions and Third-Party providers (if necessary)
1. Medical Disclosures
USG institutions should work with their Institutional Study Abroad Committee and, in particular, their legal team, to set a policy and practice around study abroad students and medical disclosures. It is understood that students not disclosing medication or medical issues has the potential to cause problems. Some institutions have adopted a type of don’t ask, don’t tell approach for liability reasons, whereas others have required a medical doctor to sign-off on the health clearance form.
Institutions should decide who will evaluate study abroad applications and how much time is needed. You may choose a specific deadline for all programs, varying deadlines depending on the program, or a ‘rolling admissions’ process.
If the program is a Faculty-Led program, you may decide to involve the Program Director(s). If the program takes place at another institution (e.g. Direct Enroll or Exchange), you should keep in mind that institutions abroad may have their own application procedures and criteria.
In general, study abroad students should be in good academic and disciplinary standing, must maintain appropriate standards of behavior and meet any course prerequisites to be eligible to apply.
Individual programs may determine higher requirements for GPA or other qualifications for entry (such as minimum language proficiency), based on the program content. Study abroad programs may request other materials to assess eligibility for admission, such as a personal statement or essay or letter(s) of reference.
Your Institutional Study Abroad Committee may consider asking students for the following documentation for evaluation:
- GPA (official or unofficial transcript)
- Personal statement or essay
- Foreign language skills (if necessary)
- Students’ academic standing, and if any pre-requisite courses are required
- Reference letters
You may consider sending an ‘applied for study abroad’ student list to your Dean of Students (or similar) since certain discipline issues may need to be reviewed before students are admitted to a program.
As a reminder, the American with Disabilities Act calls for reasonable accommodation to enable a disabled person to accomplish the same task as a non-disabled person. However, as foreign entities cannot be compelled to provide access based on U.S. law, it is important that each institution work with your legal counsel and office of disability services for any students requesting accommodations.
X.C. Special Cases
1. International Students
You should consider the effect of international students’ participation on your programs and how this may affect their visa status. Also, sometimes international students wish to participate in a study abroad program in their home country and the study abroad office (or similar) should discuss if this is allowed at your institution.
2. Minors (18 years or younger)
Most institutions require that study abroad student participants are at least 18 years of age in order to participate in study abroad. This issue comes up if/when a Dual Enrollment student inquires about participating in a study abroad course/program. The USG Student Affairs Policies and Resources document includes a section on Dual Enrollment FAQs, copied here:
Question: Can Dual Enrollment students participate in USG study abroad programs?
Answer: Dual Enrollment students wishing to participate in USG study abroad programs must first review the study abroad policies in place at the postsecondary institution offering the study abroad program. The majority of USG institutions do not allow students under the age of 18 (defined as Minors hereafter) to participate in study abroad programs.
If the USG institution offering the preferred study abroad program does not have a policy preventing students under the age of 18 to participate then the USG institution should consider the following issues before allowing a minor to participate in a study abroad program:
1. Parental Consent Due to increasing instances of child abduction in custody cases, human trafficking and other illegal activities involving minors, an immigration officer, airline, travel agent or other official may request or require documentation of parental consent if a child is traveling internationally with another adult who is not the minor’s parent/legal guardian.
A sample letter of consent to travel is available on the U.S. Department of State’s website. It is best practice to have the letter of consent signed by both parents and notarized. If there is no second parent with legal claims to the child (e.g., deceased or sole custody), any other relevant paperwork, such as a court decision, birth certificate naming only one parent, death certificate of the second parent, etc., can replace the letter from the second parent.
Additionally, as with other important travel documents, one or more original copies of the letter should be kept with the group leader abroad and with a trusted friend or family member in the traveler’s home country.
Please note that failure to provide documentation of parental consent may result in detention of the accompanying adult(s) and minor until the circumstances pertaining to the child’s travel are fully assessed. In some countries (e.g., Canada), entry at the border may be refused. Additional information regarding this topic is available on the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website: Traveling with children - Minors under 18 years of age traveling to another country without their parents and Child traveling with one parent or someone who is not a parent or legal guardian or a group.
2. Passport Minors under the age of 16 cannot apply for a passport by themselves. Rather, both parents/guardians must appear in person with the minor and provide consent, authorizing passport issuance to the minor. If one parent/guardian is unable to appear in person, then the DS-11 application must be accompanied by a signed, notarized Form DS-3053: Statement of Consent from the non-applying parent/guardian. Additional details regarding U.S. Department of State restrictions on issuance of passports to minors are available online: Children Under 16.
3. Visas Depending on the location, minor children may be required to obtain special visas or stay permits.
4. Institutional Approval The USG institution considering minors to participate in study abroad programs might consider the type of program the student is interested in (e.g. Faculty-Led, Exchange, Third Party Provider programs) and make decisions either based on this type of program, or on a case-by-case basis.
If the institution will allow Minors to participate, then the institution should create templates of the following documentation, at a minimum:
- Consent for a Minor Study Abroad Travel and Participation
- Travel Authorization of Minor to Leave US (for airlines, TSA, border agents)
- Consent for Medical Treatment of Minor (for local clinic)
Again, it would be best practice to have the letter of consent signed by both parents and notarized.
5. Faculty Training If the institution will allow a Faculty-Led study abroad program to accept Minors, then policies need to be considered and specific trainings should be required of the faculty leaders. These trainings could address how to handle documentation, interactions with on-the-ground providers/arrangements, and/or how the trip fits into any existing ‘Protecting Minors on Campus’ policies.
6. Effect on Program Activities The institution should consider each aspect of the program and how Minor participation would affect the overall trip/organization, the Minors’ experience, and the experience of other non-Minor participants.
The following is a non-inclusive list of questions to help institutions further guide their evaluation when considering the participation of Minors:
- Does the insurance policy cover Minors?
- Since Minors cannot legally sign all agreements and waivers, how will you expand these agreements to include an extra layer of parental consent?
- If the study abroad program is Faculty-Led, will the faculty member need to sign off or agree to any extra layers of guardianship?
- What is the age of consent in the destination country?
- What special preparations will need to be made in advance of the trip?
- Can the Minor legally exchange money, purchase train/airline/ferry tickets themselves?
- Can the Minor attend a medical appointment, purchase over-the-counter medicine, or be prescribed medicine themselves?
- How will the presence of legal Minors affect the overall group dynamic?
- Does the inclusion of Minors affect the student to faculty ratio and will more chaperones/adults be required?
- How will the Minors’ “free time” be monitored?
- Will there be any activities/excursions not offered to the Minor? If yes, then what will the Minor do during this same time?
- How will you communicate to the rest of the group that this student is a Minor and may (or may not) take part in the same activities.
Instead, institutions may wish to refer Minors to age appropriate study abroad programs that will better serve their age group. There are numerous opportunities from Third Party Program providers, specifically designed for high school aged students, or Minors might be interested in Gap Year programs. Also, the U.S. Department of State offers full scholarships to high school students to study abroad for one academic year, more information online: Exchange Programs: High School Study Abroad
3. Transient Students
Students who are enrolled full-time and are degree-seeking at another U.S. university, may apply to your institution as a Transient Student. Individual institutions should decide, in advance, which of your programs are available to Transient Students. These students would follow the same application process as your other students but would also have to apply to your institution’s Admissions office since official student status is required to enroll in courses and participate in programs abroad. The study abroad office should coordinate with the Admissions office to determine what types of forms the transient students will need to complete (e.g. Home Institution Notification Form). Also consider whether or not transient international students will be allowed to participate in your programs and how this may affect their visa status.
X.D. Additional Participants - Who else may attend?
The USG recommends that the only persons attending a study abroad trip are either:
- Students who are registered for the course, or +Faculty/staff who are leading the trip as Program Directors and/or chaperones
Community members and others may participate but should do so as admitted students who are registered for academic credit appropriate to the program.
If the student or leading faculty/staff has family or friends who would like to visit them while on the program, then these individuals must be lodged separately to the program and should not attend classes, nor accompany the program on any field trips or excursions. These visiting family members or friends shall have no official role or function with regard to the program and may not interfere with the program in any way.
If the USG institution offering the study abroad program does not have a policy preventing others (e.g. non-students or non-faculty/staff) from participating, then the institution should consider the following issues before allowing others to attend and travel on a study abroad program.
- Diminish or undermine the program in any way?
- Be approved by the relevant parties (e.g. study abroad office, leading Program Director her/himself and/or the host department’s Department Chair?)
- Not affect the overall cost of the program?
- Be accommodated at the site?
1. Families of Students
The USG recommends that student participants not be allowed to bring spouses or other family members with them on programs they are attending. Again, if the admitted student has family or friends who would like to visit them while on the program, then these individuals must be lodged separately to the program and should not attend classes, nor accompany the program on any field trips or excursions.
2. Families of Teaching Faculty/Staff
+All costs for accompanying family and for any additional facilities needed to accommodate them (i.e. housing space larger than standard faculty housing) must be paid by the faculty/staff member and this cost may not be passed along to student participants. +The participation of family should be approved by the Program Director and the study abroad office. +Accompanying family members should not prohibit the teaching or directing faculty members’ ability to fully engage with their role on the program.
3. Additional Attendees
If the institution allows employed faculty/staff who are not directly involved in instruction or program direction to participate in programs, any associated costs should not be charged to program students.
If a USG institution decides to allow non-students and/or additional non-teaching or directing faculty or staff then these attendees should have a completed background check on file. Additionally, the institution should check-in with their Legal and/or Risk Management teams and have a plan in place in case any of these individuals do interfere or cause any ill effect on the program.
X.E. Accepted Student Process
After students have been accepted onto your program, the study abroad office should consider targeted communication with the following on-campus offices. Accepted student lists can be sent to these offices so that they could reach out to students who are known to them and offer additional assistance:
- Counseling Center
- Disability Office
- Financial Aid Office
Institutions should plan for a systemized way of accepting (and rejecting) applicants and provide ‘next-steps’ to accepted students. Information for accepted students should be informative, while keeping the students engaged in the process but not overwhelming them. We recommend that institutions put all of the information online so that students can easily access it. We recommend that the pre-departure information be available to students upon acceptance and before pre-departure orientation.
Consider including information on:
- Passports: Expiration date must be at least six months beyond the end date of the SA program
- Visas (if applicable):
- The type of visa required will depend on the program site, duration and purpose
- Timelines and costs vary amongst embassies/consulates
- Students (and faculty) who are not US citizens may have a different procedure than US citizens
- Travel information: (e.g. flight arrangements; dates)
- Health information: (e.g. immunizations; disability accommodation requests; emergency procedures)
- Academic requirements: (e.g. academic policies, syllabi, course descriptions, grading policies/expectations, how/when to register)
- How to sign up for Study Abroad Insurance: (e.g. whether they need to enroll themselves or if they will be automatically enrolled)
- Day-to-day information:
- Excursions to plan for
- Information about money
- Housing options
- Transportation options
- Packing tips (climate considerations)
- Host & home campus policies that are applicable)
- Local laws/regulations
- Local customs and cultural considerations
- Payment deadlines for fees, tuition, airfare, and other expenses should be specified as early as possible for the student.
- Cancellation and refund policies, as well as late payment penalties should be clearly stated.
- X.A. Student Application
SECTION: XI. Preparing Students
XI.A. Pre-departure Orientation
The USG strongly recommends that an in-person pre-departure orientation be offered and is mandatory for all study abroad students. Program Directors (faculty and staff directly responsible for the program) should lead and, at the very least, are required to be present at the orientation. If possible, include alumni and returnees, especially prior participants of the program you are discussing. International students and scholars from the host country may be useful in helping to explain local customs.
Consider the size of your program and the number of students you send annually and decide whether it makes sense to have one, larger group orientation for all study abroad students and programs, or if several orientations should be offered and tailored to each program and/or student. You may decide to plan for some information to be delivered online, but there should be at least one in-person orientation meeting.
If time allows, plan the orientation for approximately six weeks prior to departure and schedule 2-3 hours.
The topics aforementioned in the ‘Accepted Student Process’ of this handbook should be covered and reinforced in person. Further topics for consideration include:
- How to pay for study abroad? (e.g. Financial Aid, scholarships)
- How will students pay for things while abroad?
- How to budget while abroad?
- How and when to register for courses? (courses while studying abroad, and upon return)
- How are disciplinary and academic misconduct issues handled abroad?
- Travel Tips
- How and what to pack?
- How to go through immigration procedures and clear customs?
- How to communicate with friends and family back home?
- Taking Care
- How to prepare in advance, before leaving, for physical and mental health needs? Especially known conditions.
- How to take preventative measures to stay healthy?
- How to cope with common adjustment issues? (e.g. jet lag, culture shock, homesickness, loneliness)
- How do dietary/nutrition needs differ?
- How might their physical health be affected? (e.g. common travel disorders, region-specific illnesses)
- How do the customs, laws, penalties in host country regarding alcohol/drug abuse differ from the U.S.?
- Safety Abroad
- How to stay safe while abroad? (provide general safety information and tips)
- What are the region-specific health, crime, unrest information?
- How to enroll in the U.S. Department of State Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)?
- What are the emergency protocols and procedures? (e.g. contacting CISI, foreign equivalencies of 911)
- How to locate medical and emergency assistance?
XI.B. Program-Specific Meetings
If time and resources allow, the USG also recommends that programs consider holding program-specific meeting(s) before departure. Faculty-Led programs may benefit specifically as the meeting will allow the students to get to know each other and allow the Program Director to prepare participants specifically for the program location and host culture. Some topics to cover include:
- Cultural Considerations
- Language barriers, language skills
- Manners and etiquette
- Local foods/eating habits
- Program itinerary information
- Class schedule
- Group flight info, if applicable
- Arrival info
- Schedule of field trips/excursions
- Program rules and expectations
- Code of conduct (e.g. actions which might constitute grounds for program dismissal)
- Class absence policy
- Handling academic misconduct on-site
- Handling disciplinary issues on-site
- Dormitory/housing policies (e.g. is there a curfew? Are visitors allowed in rooms?)
- Practical information
- Site-specific packing tips (e.g. Walking shoes? Business attire? Refillable water bottle? Other equipment?)
- Handling money on-site - Are there special considerations students need to be aware of regarding access to currency (i.e. accessibility of ATMs, bank fees, etc.), paying for items in stores (i.e. are credit cards widely used, or is cash preferred) and relative cost of items on site?
- Customs regulations for the program site: Include information on the host country’s policies about what can and can’t be brought into the country (i.e. Are pepper spray or Swiss army knives allowed? What about medications or other items that may be commonplace in the U.S. but viewed differently overseas?)
- Electrical current adapters and technology needs (i.e. accessing Wi-Fi)
- Housing information (e.g. bring sheets and towels, or are they provided?)
- Local laws: How do the customs, laws, penalties in the host country regarding alcohol/drug abuse differ from the U.S.? Are there any other local regulations that students need to be aware of that might be different from what student are used to in the U.S.?
- Site-specific safety
- How can students contact the program director in an emergency?
- What are the region-specific health, crime, unrest information?
- Are there any areas or neighborhoods to avoid at night or altogether?
- What precautions should students take with valuables, passports, and cash?
- Requirements for incident reporting (i.e. Clery and Title IX) and mechanisms for student support
- Cultural Considerations
XI.C. Cross-Cultural Trainings
Your institution may consider a standalone cross-cultural training as part of your pre-departure orientation, or as a stand-alone option. Living abroad in a completely distinctive culture can be a very stressful experience, especially for students who have little or no travel experience, or very little international exposure. A specialized training designed to help students cope with new and different cultures could use interactive exercises to get students used to being out of their comfort zone.
- XI.A. Pre-departure Orientation
SECTION: XII. Support While Abroad
Study abroad is a very different experience than being on campus. On campus, most student issues are handled with the collaboration or one or more offices or departments specially trained to deal with specific situations or processes that affect students. Overseas, faculty/staff and students will find themselves disconnected from this environment.
XII.A. Student Handbooks
Important information about going abroad may be difficult for students to remember or overwhelming for them to take in all at once. Information covered at orientation(s) should also be kept in a Study Abroad Student Handbook. While paper copies are useful in some instances, the USG recommends that effective strategies such as software, applications and electronic and online versions of this information are utilized.
At a bare minimum, all students should be provided with ‘go-to’ contact information for while they are abroad and program information, including:
- Relevant contact information
- Local Emergency information
- Local US Embassy information
- On-site accommodation information
- On-site Program Directors/university staff information
- Campus study abroad office (and information on staff)
- Your campus police, or other 24 hour contact details
- Program rules including academic and conduct policies
- Travel information (flight and arrival information)
- Local laws including customs and immigration information
- Required equipment and/or materials
- Relevant contact information
XII.B. On-site Orientation
On-site orientations may be provided by the host institution or Third Party Provider and we encourage Faculty-Led programs to gather students on-site at the beginning of the program to re-emphasize students’ immediate concerns, provide a brief tour to allow students to get situated and introduce any personnel who will be involved in the program.
Please encourage your students to take responsibility for their own experience (academic and non-academic), health (physical and mental) and overall well-being while abroad. This approach will alleviate pressures on Program Directors leading the program, but will also underline and embolden students’ independence and ultimately assist them in maximizing their experience.
XII.C. Independent Student Side Trips
We recommend that institutions institute a system for students to report independent side trips that they are taking on their own time. Students should be allowed to travel on their own when they have free time, but their home institution (and/or on-site Program Directors) are encouraged to have a system for collecting information on where students will be and when they will return. One option is for students to add their itineraries into an online system, such as the application system already used by institutions. Campus-based study abroad offices, as well as any on-site faculty/staff, should ideally have access to this information.
- XII.A. Student Handbooks
SECTION: XIII. Health & Safety
XIII.A. Health Insurance
The USG has entered into an agreement with Cultural Insurance Services International (CISI) to provide a robust and encompassing primary insurance plan for all USG students (and accompanying faculty/staff) studying abroad.
All students participating in sponsored study abroad programs should be enrolled in CISI international health and travel insurance.
CISI offers a daily, semester and yearly rate and institutions may apply the rate that best fits their programs. More information can be found here: https://www.usg.edu/international_education/study_abroad/study_abroad_insurance
Your institution should decide whether you will include the price of CISI insurance in the Program Charge and take the responsibility of enrolling all students, or if students will be required to enroll themselves.
XIII.B. Risk Management & Assessment
Study abroad programs should be designed with attention to the overall quality and safety of the program. Personnel should understand what is considered appropriate and inappropriate behavior and be trained to deal with emergency situations.
All institutions are encouraged to conduct a risk assessment audit which consists of a comprehensive review of key health, safety, and liability issues and conditions of a Study Abroad program. Items to be reviewed include: policies/procedures; the host location(s) policies/procedures and their consistency with home campus policies/procedures and compliance with U.S. law; and a review of orientation, promotional, marketing materials, as well as any agreements, contracts, waivers, etc.
XIII.C. Department of State Travel Advisories
In January 2018, the U.S. Department of State issued a new Travel Advisory system which introduced a color-coded numerical rating system. Each country is given an overall rating from 1 to 4:
- 1 = Exercise Normal Precautions (Blue)
- 2 = Exercise Increased Caution (Yellow)
- 3 = Reconsider Travel (Orange)
- 4 = Do Not Travel (Red)
The new system allows for a more nuanced description of risk factors as certain areas within a country may be assigned a different rating if the risks in that location do not align with the overall rating. Maps are available that indicate the range of levels within one country, underlining city/regional differences. The advisories also indicate the reason the level was given (e.g. Crime, Civil Unrest, and Terrorism).
Institutions should consider how this new system affects your institutional risk tolerance. Specifically, each institution should decide on a policy of sending students/faculty to Level 2, Level 3 and Level 4 countries. Will your institutional policy:
- Consider nuances within the country, and in the specific city/region?
- Depend on the reasons why the level was given?
- Or the nature of the trip? (e.g. graduate student research versus Faculty-Led study abroad)
Further information here: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories.html
As a reminder, and as discussed in the aforementioned ‘Preparing Students’ section, all study abroad students and faculty/staff should enroll in the U.S. Department of State Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
XIII.D. Emergency Response
All institutions are encouraged to formulate a documented Emergency Response Plan and do so by forming an on-campus Emergency Response Team (similar to the Institutional Study Abroad Committee). This team will be charged with developing response plans for potential situations, taking into account cultural and political considerations, legal issues, and available resources. The team should also determine a communication method and/or initial protocol for contacting individuals and/or convening a meeting in the event of an emergency.
The Emergency Response Team may include individuals from:
- Study abroad office
- Dean of Students
- Public Safety/Campus Police Office
- Institutional Legal Counsel
- University Communications/Public Relations
- Provost’s Office
- Campus Police
The Emergency Response Plan could be formulated using this basic format:
- Emergency is reported and members of the Emergency Response Team are informed.
- Gather as much information as possible from individual’s on-site, contact or investigate sources for detailed and accurate information.
- Take action as warranted and according to any pre-established action plan.
- Record the chronological sequence of events in writing leading up to, during, and after the crisis. Maintain good records, including an Incident Report for future reference.
- Debrief with all involved individuals. Make changes to Emergency Response Plan where warranted.
The Emergency Response Team may consider outlining varying protocols using different ‘What to do if…’ scenarios, such as:
- Medical/physical health emergencies
- Psychological/mental health emergencies
- Civil disturbance/Act of terrorism
- Missing program participant
- Arrest of student
- Rape/sexual violence
- Death of trip participant
The Program Directors (faculty/staff) leading the study abroad program should also have an Emergency Plan in place. This on-the-ground Emergency Plan may consider the following:
- Emergency contact and phone line available 24 hours/day
- Information regarding nearest police station, hospital, U.S. Embassy, etc.
- Alternative location housing; transportation options
- Access to and utilizing a procurement card (e.g. P-card) for emergencies
- If the program is small and only one faculty is leading the trip, then consider utilizing the CISI Chaperone Replacement policy and designating a back-up person.
XIII.E. Cancelling a Program
In the event of a situation which jeopardizes the health and safety of program participants, it may be necessary to cancel a program. If appropriate and feasible, moving the group to a different site might be an alternative to cancellation. The decision should be made by the Emergency Response Team and efforts should be made to ensure that students in a crisis situation are not unduly penalized either academically or financially.
Consider what your institution’s decision would be if:
- Program cancellation occurs before or soon after the program begins
- Towards the middle/end of the program
- If an individual student (subset of students) feel uncomfortable about going
- XIII.A. Health Insurance
SECTION: XIV. Re-entry
An often overlooked component of the study abroad process is re-entry. Thus, in addition to helping students prepare for the experience and providing support on site, study abroad offices and faculty should consider ways to help students build on the experience abroad through re-entry programming. One phenomenon sometimes experienced by study abroad returnees is reverse culture shock. Reverse Culture Shock is defined as difficulty adjusting back to one home’s culture. Returnee study abroad students may become disappointed by their friends/family’s lack of interest in hearing about their experience and changes in their perspectives and values can cause anxiety or discontent when they re-encounter their home culture. Therefore, the re-entry process is important to mitigate these effects and is especially important for students who studied abroad for a semester or longer. Re-entry programming can help students to process their experience and share it with other interested individuals.
Prior to returning to the United States, Program Directors can:
- Lead discussions that summarize the experience among students and faculty
- Use program evaluation materials to help students process their experience and provide feedback
- Conduct individual self-evaluations for students to explore how they have changed (or feel that they have)
Upon return, study abroad offices may use one or more of the following ideas for Re-entry Programming:
- Involve returnees in the recruitment of prospective students and for pre-departure orientation sessions
- Organize get-togethers for students who studied abroad at the same location, or on the same trip
- Create groups or pairings of international students and Study Abroad returnees from the same country/region
- Promote student involvement with on-campus internationally focused events, activities or student groups
- Encourage students to continue language learning, or begin language classes
- Introduce work-abroad programs, or other internationally focused career paths for students to consider
- Connect returnees with alumni who also studied abroad
- Offer sessions where students can learn about how to market their study abroad experience
Lastly, it is very important that students do not miss any major deadlines when it comes to continuing their studies and/or securing their housing. At minimum, the USG recommends that institutions work with the relevant on-campus offices to provide returnees with assistance in registering for classes, and reminders about organizing living arrangements before returning back to campus.
XIV.A. Evaluation & Assessment
Through a comprehensive assessment and study abroad program evaluation, the study abroad office/Program Director can gauge the degree of learning which took place, the cross-cultural awareness gained, and the personal development and maturity achieved by students. Evaluations are also an asset for planning future programs, and should be the basis for changes or modifications to the program.
Institutions may consider conducting evaluations before departure back to the United States, or asking students to complete evaluation before receiving their final grades. Additional or follow-up evaluations 3 to 6 months after the program could be beneficial since many students don’t realize the full affect their study abroad has had on them until some period of time has passed.
Institutions should decide on a process for evaluating continuing programs and utilize the Institutional Study Abroad Committee. The Committee may decide how these evaluations will be used. Consider how the evaluation forms themselves will be treated- will the participating faculty member see them or will they be directed to a central office?
Students should be asked to evaluate the following program elements, in a confidential manner:
- Pre-departure advisement and orientation
- Academic coursework and methods of instruction
- Classroom facilities
- Library/computer services
- Student support services
- Excursions and field trips
- Living accommodations and meals
- Local environment
- Actual cost and perceived value for this cost
Evaluations should also aim to collect qualitative data regarding non-tangible effects such as:
- What did students learn from their time abroad?
- Was it difficult to navigate with or without language skills?
- Were students well prepared for their time in the host culture?
- What skills or benefits have they acquired since their participation on the program?
For example, one USG institution utilizes the following points to capture student satisfaction across all of their programs:
- Accuracy and usefulness of orientation materials
- Accessibility and quality of health care
- Safety of location, facilities, excursions, and transportation
- Academic quality, appropriateness of workload
- Choice of location for excursions, field trips, site visits
- Safety, cleanliness, comfort and appropriateness of housing
- Arrangements for and quality of meals
- Opportunities to learn about and interact with the local culture
- Opportunities to learn about and interact with the local culture/people
- Overall effectiveness of program staff in managing program
- Value of the program in relation to the cost
- Overall quality of the program in relation to expectations
Study abroad offices might consider making student evaluations available to prospective students to give them additional resource materials when they are researching and choosing programs.
After student evaluations are completed, institutions may then consider asking involved faculty and staff to provide a comprehensive and formal assessment report. This report might include some of the following topics:
- Strengths and weaknesses of the program
- Program end budget (projected vs. actual costs)
- Unique learning experiences that would not have been possible on campus
- Any instance of positive impact the program or student(s) may have made in the host community
- Support provided to the program by local agencies, individuals, institutions
- Field trips/site visits sponsored by program
- Student assessment of program
- Recommendations for enhancement
- Strategies for improvement
SECTION: XV. Resources
XV.C. Professional Organizations
- Association of International Education Administrators (AIEA)
- The Forum on Education Abroad
- Diversity Abroad
- Generation Study Abroad
- Georgia Association of International Educators (GAIE)
- Institute of International Education (IIE)
- Lessons from Abroad - Georgia
- NAFSA: Association of International Educators
- NAFSA Region VII
- Overseas Security Advisory Council
- Open Doors
- International Educator
- The Journal of Studies in International Education
XV.F. Thank You
Thank you to Tammy Rosner (University System of Georgia), Eric Spears (Columbus State University) and Katherine Grego (Columbus State University), Lorie Johns Páulez (Georgia Tech), Yana Cornish (University of Georgia) and Amanda El-Kadi (University of Georgia), Maria Doyle (University of West Georgia), and Irina McClellan (Valdosta State University) and Ivan Nikolov (Valdosta State University) for their guidance and feedback on this handbook. This handbook was compiled and written by Coryn Shiflet, Assistant Director of International Education at the University System of Georgia and released in March 2019.
- XV.C. Professional Organizations