Information Digest 2000-2001
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Funding Formula

The University System operates under a formula funding system developed in 1982 and implemented in the FY1984 budget request. The goal of full funding of the formula was achieved in FY1987.

The formula is a mathematical device that aggregates the funding needs of all institutions to provide a continuous level of support for the Resident Instruction activity of the University System. The formula is used by: 1) the Board of Regents to request Resident Instruction funds from the State of Georgia; 2) the Governor to recommend Resident Instruction funding to the Legislature; and 3) the Legislature to appropriate State funds for Resident Instruction to the Board of Regents. The formula is not used to allocate money to the various institutions.

An array of workload variables is applied to a set of constants to determine Resident Instruction funding needs. Student workload, expressed in terms of credit hours, directly or indirectly generates about 72 percent of the total budget. Operation and maintenance costs of the physical plant account for another 13 percent of the budget, and 15 percent is generated through other organized activities. Thus, the formula is student-driven. The workload variables and constants are described below.

  1. Instruction and Research
    1. Instruction. The formula for instruction is based on credit hours generated in three instructional levels (lower, upper, and graduate/professional) and three broad program groups (1-3), plus special program groups for learning support (4) and medicine (5).

    Group 1. Law, Letters, Library Science, Psychology, and Social Sciences
    Group 2. Area Studies, Business, Communications, Education, Home Economics, Mathematics, Public Affairs, and Interdisciplinary Studies
    Group 3. Agriculture, Architecture, Biological Sciences, Computer Science, Engineering, Fine and Applied Arts, Foreign Languages, Health Professions, Physical Sciences, and Technologies
    Group 4. Learning Support Programs
    Group 5. Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary Medicine

    Total instruction expenditures = academic salary expenditures + instructional support position expenditures + instructional operating expense expenditures.

    1. Research. Funding for research is based on an amount equivalent to total graduate instruction expenditures.
    2. Community Education. Funding is based on the number of Continuing Education Units produced times a dollar rate.
  1. Public Service. A basic amount is funded for each institution to support a campus coordinator and one support position. Separately organized institutes are specially funded.
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    (Instruction, Research, Community Education and Public Service Expenditures)

  1. Academic Support. 17.7 percent X Total Funding Base = Academic Support Expenditures.
  2. Student Services and Institutional Support

    General Support. 23.1 percent X Total Funding Base = Student Services and Institutional Support Expenditures.

    Fringe Benefits. Projected actual needs for benefits such as FICA, health and life insurance, workers' compensation, etc.

  3. Teachers' Retirement.
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  4. Operation and Maintenance of Physical Plant

    Regular Operations. Number of square feet of building space X cost per square foot = Expenditures for Operation and Maintenance of Physical Plant (in FY2000 budget: 33,711,776 square feet at $4.2487 per square foot).

    Major Repair/Rehabilitation Fund. 1.02% X Current Replacement Value (FY00 replacement value of $5,053,028,625) = Expenditures for MRR.

    Utilities. Number of square feet (as listed above) X cost of utilities per square foot ($1.6042 in FY00)= Expenditures for utilities.
  5. HEW Desegregation Programs.
  6. Quality Improvement Programs. 1% of all above expenditures = Expenditures for Quality Improvement.
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    Total of all above expenditures (sum of I through VII)

Less Revenue

Student Tuition and Fees. Set at 25% of the total requirement, excluding Public Service and Community Education, Research, MRR, and Desegregation Programs.

Graduate Assistant Fee Reduction.

Other Revenue.

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STATE APPROPRIATION REQUEST = Total Formula Requirement Minus Revenue

Source: Formula for Excellence: Financing Georgia's University System in the 1980's (1982); Office of the Vice Chancellor for Fiscal Affairs

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©2001 Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia

Last modified: August 20, 2020