To understand tobacco cessation you must first understand what tobacco is and what nicotine is.
- Tobacco comes in the form of brown, cut up leaves that are either smoked (cigarettes, cigars, and pipes), dipped, or chewed.
- Nicotine is a toxic colorless or yellowish oily liquid that is the chief active constituent of tobacco. It acts as a stimulant in small doses, but in larger amounts blocks the action of autonomic nerve and skeletal muscle cells. Nicotine is also used in insecticides.
Smoke, Cigars, Cigarettes, Spit Tobacco, Dip, Chew, Snuff
Short Term Effects:
- Increase in blood pressure
- Increase in heart rate
- Carbon monoxide causes blood to carry less oxygen
- Stimulation is followed by fatigue and depression
- Imbalance in the demand for oxygen
Long Term Effects:
- Many different varieties of cancer
- Chronic bronchitis
- Chronic lung disease
- Heart disease
- Bad Hygiene
- Impaired sense of taste and smell
Did You Know…
Here is an incentive to stop tobacco use and nicotine addiction.
All covered employees, retirees, spouses and dependents will be required to certify the use of all types of tobacco products during Open Enrollment for Plan Year 2014. For the surcharge, a tobacco product is considered the following: Cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or any other product that contains tobacco or nicotine. Please see this link for additional information.
The following is a breakdown of the additional tobacco surcharge that will be added to the monthly premium effective January 1, 2014: