A brief showcase
Although the styles are different, all styles require the same three pieces of information. That is:
- author (when a work has an author),
- publication information
The following examples illustrate how the same information about a book is recorded differently according to a specific style:
List, Carla. Introduction to Information Research. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt, 1998
List, C. (1998). Introduction to information research. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt.
List, Carla. 1998. An introduction to information research. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt.
Note that all three styles include the same information (author, title, publication information) recorded in a slightly different fashion (placement of items, italics, parentheses).
Different style manuals may use different terminology to define the same concept. For example, the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers uses the term " Works Cited" for the bibliography while the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association uses the term " References" for the bibliography.
The following are external links and will open in a pop-up window.
GALILEO's Help Central includes a section on Citation Guidelines for GALILEO Resources
The B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library has a Web site which shows Citation Styles for Research Papers. It shows each style for citing books, articles and many other sources.