DNA Research: What's Next?
Fifty Years Later
The Human Genome Project public consortium today announced that it has assembled and published a nearly-completed physical map of the human genome the genetic blueprint for a human being.
February 12, 2001 press release available from (link will open in a new window) DOE Human Genome Program website
Two separate groups are working to identify the approximately 100,000 human genes (the human genome) and determine the complete sequence of the three billion DNA subunits: the U.S. government-funded Human Genome Project (directed by James Watson for four years), and the private biotechnology company Celera Genomics. Celera narrowly finishes first, but only by using data from the government group.
The announcement of the map is carried on TV and radio news; news, government, and science web sites; and published in the journals Nature (Feb. 15, 2001) and Science (Feb. 16, 2001). More detailed research will follow in specialized scientific journals, as well as in journal articles about ethics and political science.
Since part of the funding comes from the U.S. government, government documents are also published about the Project.
Understanding Our Genetic Inheritance: The U.S. Human Genome Project, The First Five Years, FY 1991-1995. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1990). Springfield, VA:. NTIS.
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